Building Information Modeling: The Future of Building Design and Documentation
Before the production and construction of a building, create a business model for a production drawing to demonstrate the entire building’s life cycle, by using three-dimensional and real-time software to increase efficiency. A Building Information Model can be created to represent building geometry, light analysis, spatial relationships, geographic details, and the properties of other building components using objects that may be undefined, generic or particular, or oriented with solid shapes or void spaces. They are automatically consistent, meaning that the objects are consistent in size, location and specification.
BIM, in a nutshell, represents the actual parts used to develop a building. This process prevents any uncertainties in construction. If any changes are to be done, the model is updated. Today, because of the advancement of technology, modern BIM designs and modeling have been updated with state of the art tools and instruments. An example of this lies in laser scanning, a technology used to make accurate measurements in more complicated landscapes, with a rate of 50,000 points per second, and an effective range of around 500. Multiple set-ups are to be established inside an establishment, and a 3D model will be created afterwards. These can be of use in 2D drawings and other documents needed for the construction.
The entire process aims to revolutionize architecture by changing traditional phases that use computer-aided drafting methods for drawing, as well as adding more data sharing capabilities than before.
Construction documents usually require all the drawings, procurement details, reports on the environmental conditions, processes for submission, and other details for building quality. To help achieve these, a Virtual Design to Construction Project Manager (VDC) and a Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) aid the BIM in aspects outside of its control, including Cost Management, Project Management, and other aspects of the building process. A VDC using BIM is able to attend to the loss of information that may occur with the design team, the construction team, even the owners and operators, by going back to all the details gathered in the BIM model. Depending on the software, specific valve sizes, manufacturers and part numbers can be used to help in sorting through future issues. For example, if an owner discovers a problem, he or she can always go back to the model for assistance, instead of exploring the area manually. This is a helpful tool when having to identify emergency situations.
BIM goes beyond design, and is critical to construction, post-construction and facility management. It aims to make the process more efficient by eliminating all the uncertainties to ensure the quality of the building before the construction even starts. This pushes everyone on the team to their full potential, challenging everyone to work together despite tight budgets, scheduling, and limited information and manpower. It also makes the work site safer, as some of the materials used are pre-assembled at a different location and then transported to the site, eliminating trades and the possibility of accidents.
While Building Information Modeling is oriented around technology and has been around for over a decade, the industry predicts that it will be an invaluable asset in modern design and building documentation.
Building Information Modeling aims to replace 2D drawings, using 3D technology to create a model of a building. Of all the BIM advancements, laser scanning is one of the most used.
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